[Today: Genesis 27] Jacob Steals the Birthright. In chapter 27 of Genesis Isaac is very old and plans to bequeath to Esau the birthright. Was this unfair, or was God working to bring about His immutable counsels through the bloodline of Jacob instead of his older brother?
[Gen 27:1-46 KJV] 1 And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I. 2 And he said, Behold now, I am old, I know not the day of my death: 3 Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take me some venison; 4 And make me savoury meat, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless thee before I die. 5 And Rebekah heard when Isaac spake to Esau his son. And Esau went to the field to hunt for venison, and to bring it.
6 And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her son, saying, Behold, I heard thy father speak unto Esau thy brother, saying, 7 Bring me venison, and make me savoury meat, that I may eat, and bless thee before the Lord before my death. 8 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice according to that which I command thee. 9 Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats; and I will make them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth: 10 And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he may eat, and that he may bless thee before his death. 11 And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man: 12 My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing. 13 And his mother said unto him, Upon me be thy curse, my son: only obey my voice, and go fetch me them. 14 And he went, and fetched, and brought them to his mother: and his mother made savoury meat, such as his father loved. 15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son: 16 And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck: 17 And she gave the savoury meat and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.
18 And he came unto his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I; who art thou, my son? 19 And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. 20 And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son? And he said, Because the Lord thy God brought it to me. 21 And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not. 22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob’s voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau. 23 And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau’s hands: so he blessed him. 24 And he said, Art thou my very son Esau? And he said, I am. 25 And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son’s venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank. 26 And his father Isaac said unto him, Come near now, and kiss me, my son. 27 And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said,
See, the smell of my son is as the
smell of a field which the Lord hath blessed:
28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven,
and the fatness of the earth,
and plenty of corn and wine:
29 Let people serve thee,
and nations bow down to thee:
be lord over thy brethren,
and let thy mother’s sons bow down to thee:
cursed be every one that curseth thee,
and blessed be he that blesseth thee.
30 And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. 31 And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat of his son’s venison, that thy soul may bless me. 32 And Isaac his father said unto him, Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau. 33 And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be blessed. 34 And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father. 35 And he said, Thy brother came with subtilty, and hath taken away thy blessing. 36 And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me? 37 And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for servants; and with corn and wine have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto thee, my son? 38 And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept. 39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him,
Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth,
and of the dew of heaven from above;
40 And by thy sword shalt thou live,
and shalt serve thy brother;
and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion,
that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.
41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob. 42 And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee. 43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran; 44 And tarry with him a few days, until thy brother’s fury turn away; 45 Until thy brother’s anger turn away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him: then I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why should I be deprived also of you both in one day? 46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?
In v. 1 of our chapter Isaac calls upon Esau as the eldest child to receive the birthright and the blessing that had been passed down to him from his father Abraham. The passing of the birthright is the ancient form of leaving a will and disposing of one’s estate. Isaac is 137 years old at the time. Isaac tells Esau to prepare a meal because in ancient times all covenantal transactions involved a meal with is the basis coming from antiquity of the communion meal (Mark 14:22-26).
Remember that Isaac is a type of Jesus – Jesus is OUR Isaac. So as Isaac leaves the birthright we can learn things about what Jesus passed on to us in the new covenant. Esau represents the heir according to the LAW but because of weakness of the flesh (Isaac’s blindness) the promise is passed to the YOUNGEST by grace (because after Isaac discovered the deception he didn’t curse Jacob but let the transaction stand).
In v. 3-13 Rebekah calls upon Jacob to deceive his father Isaac and take the birthright from his eldest brother. For Jacob to obey his mother and deceive Isaac was a definite “chaos decision.” The plan of Isaac followed the letter of the law, the instruction of Rebekah followed the prophetic implications of what God told her regarding their birth. :
[Pro 1:8 KJV] 8 My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:
Notice that Esau went for venison – but Jacob brought a lamb (v. 14-17). Who is our lamb? What are we bringing to the Father to inherit our blessing? Are we bringing a trophy that we have acquired by our own skill or ingenuity or are we bringing the sacrificial lamb (a type of Christ). The only thing that the Father will truly accept and that we can truly provide is the LAMB CHRIST JESUS.
Jacob not only brought his father lamb as a meal but he was also WEARING the lamb. This made him acceptable. What are you wearing when you come before the Lord? The garments of religious performance or are you wearing the Lamb? Paul declared the following:
[Gal 3:27 KJV] 27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
[Rom 13:14 KJV] 14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
In v. 28-29 Isaac embraces Jacob and imparts to him the blessing. This is the blessing of the FIRST BORN (Jesus) passed down to us by the sovereignty of God. Notice that Isaac is pleased that the smell of his son is the smell of the field. What do you smell like in the embrace of the Father? Do you smell like the field Jesus talked about, saying we should pray for laborers? Why pray for laborers because as Isaac the Father wants his sons to smell as the field that the Lord has blessed.
After Jacob leaves his father’s presence Esau comes in and discovers he has forfeited the blessing (v. 30-37). Esau’s anger is the anger of the Jewish people that Paul had to deal with when He took the Messiah they rejected and gave him to the Gentiles. Notice that Isaac says “I have made HIM thy Lord …” Whether they accept Christ or not it is Jesus who is the pivotal figure of Judaism and has defined their legacy for all time.
Even though Esau lost the blessing of the firstborn there is still a blessing upon him (v. 38-44). Here we see the blessing on Esau. One day the yoke brought on the Jews because of despising their birthright will be reversed. What was their birthright truly? It was to be the bloodline of Jesus.
Then we see Jacob sent to Haran to work out the deceit that was in his own life by laboring under his uncle Laban.
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